This paper presents several challenges to the models of analogy-making, namely the need for building integrated models, the need for using dynamic and emergent representations, the need for using dynamic and emergent computation, and the need to integrate analogy-making with other cognitive processes. Some experimental data are reviewed which substantiate these needs and the main ideas how the AMBR model of analogy-making could meet these challenges are presented. 1. From the Anatomy towards the Physiology of AnalogyMaking: The Need for Integrated and Dynamic Models For a long time now the research on analogy has concentrated on the anatomy of analogymaking, i.e. on decomposing it into pieces (representation building, retrieval, mapping, transfer, evaluation, learning) and trying to understand how each individual piece works. A number of successful models of various subprocesses (mainly of mapping and retrieval) have been built which account for most of the psy..
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