As large-scale databases become commonplace, there has been significant interest in mining them for commercial purposes. One of the basic tasks that underlies many of these mining operations is querying of transaction sets for frequencies of specified attribute values. The size of these databases makes it important to develop summary structures capable of high compression ratios as well as supporting fast frequency queries. The nature of the problem and its differences with respect to traditional text compression allows very high compression ratios. In this paper, we propose a binary trie-based summary structure for representing transaction sets. We demonstrate that this trie structure, when augmented with an appropriate set of horizontal pointers, can support frequency queries several orders of magnitude faster than raw transaction data. We improve the memory characteristics of our scheme by compressing the trie into a Patricia trie and demonstrate that this does not have..
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