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Conditional Cash Transfers and the Basic

By The Government Of Brazil, Tatiana Britto, Brazilian Federal Senate and Fábio Veras Soares


Since the late 1990s, conditional cash transfers (CCTs) have been broadly disseminated as one of the best practices in social protection. Brazil has been a pioneer in this area and today has one of the largest CCTs in the world, covering 26 per cent of the population. Created by the government at the end of 2003, Bolsa Família stemmed from a reform of previous programmes that had been in place since the beginning of 2000. The debate about income security and cash transfers in Brazil, however, started much earlier. In 1991, Senator Eduardo Suplicy of the Worker’s Party put forward a bill to create a negative income tax, in the form of a supplementary income for every person over 25 years of age whose gross monthly income fell below a certain threshold. Although the bill was unanimously approved by the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies never voted on it. Still, the idea made its way through academic and political circles, where the proposal to combine a minimum incom

Year: 2011
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