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Autoantibodies Against Albumin in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

By Josephine Nehring, Lucia A Schirmbeck, Justa Friebus-Kardash, Denise Dubler, Uyen Huynh-Do, Carlo Chizzolini, Camillo Ribi and Marten Trendelenburg

Abstract

Autoantibodies and aberrant immune complexes are pathological hallmarks of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to determine the occurrence of IgG autoantibodies against human serum albumin (anti-HSA IgG) and their potential association with antibodies against bovine serum albumin (anti-BSA IgG) in patients with SLE. Sera of 180 SLE patients included to the Swiss SLE Cohort Study and 188 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were evaluated. Levels of anti-HSA IgG and anti-BSA IgG were quantified by ELISA. Selected samples were further characterized using serum fractions obtained by fast liquid chromatography (FPLC). SLE patients had increased levels of anti-HSA IgG ( = 0.002) but similar levels of anti-BSA IgG compared to matched healthy controls. Anti-HSA IgG levels correlated with the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), which was more pronounced in patients with an physician's global assessment (PGA) of ≥ 1 ( = 0.309, = 0.0066). Anti-HSA IgG was partially complexed with serum albumin but also occurred as monomeric autoantibodies in highly positive SLE patients. A positive correlation between anti-HSA IgG and anti-BSA IgG was found that was stronger in SLE patients than in healthy controls ( = 0.3172, < 0.001 vs. = 0.2122, < 0.0035). Binding of anti-BSA IgG was inhibited partially in the presence of HSA in samples with double positivity for anti-HSA and anti-BSA (median inhibition 47.9%, range 0.9-100%) and vice versa. In SLE patients there is an increased prevalence of anti-HSA IgG antibodies that are associated with SLE disease activity

Topics: 610 Medicine & health
Publisher: 'Frontiers Media SA'
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.02090
OAI identifier: oai:boris.unibe.ch:131732

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