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What should a statistical mechanics satisfy to reflect nature?

By Constantino Tsallis

Abstract

There is no compelling reason imposing that the methods of statistical mechanics should be restricted to the dynamical systems which follow the usual Boltzmann-Gibbs prescriptions. More specifically, ubiquitous natural and artificial systems exhibit complex dynamics, for instance, generic stationary states which are {\it not} ergodic nor close to it, in any geometrically simple subset of the {\it a priori} allowed phase space, in any (even extended) trivial sense. A vast class of such systems appears, nevertheless, to be tractable within thermostatistical methods completely analogous to the usual ones. The question posed in the title arises then naturally. Some answer to this complex question is advanced in the present review of nonextensive statistical mechanics and its recent connections.Comment: 22 pages including 2 figures. Based on a lecture delivered at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Workshop on "Anomalous Distributions, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Nonextensivity" held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA in 6-9 November 2002. To appear in a special issue of Physica D (2004), eds. H.L. Swinney and C. Tsalli

Topics: Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physd.2004.01.006
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:cond-mat/0403012

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