Weak forms in shadowing: How can Japanese EFL learners perform better on shadowing tasks?

Abstract

 Shadowing is an emerging teaching technique that can be tailored in many ways. According to Kadota (2007) , shadowing is a so-called online process, which requires learners to process incoming information in real time. Performing shadowing tasks is said to facilitate learners’ nline processing and improve their listening skill. There are a few ways to have learners perform shadowing tasks. This study investigated weak form acquisition through shadowing on a group of Japanese learners of English. It has been documented that Japanese learners, due to the any phonological differences between Japanese and English, experience difficulties when trying to acquire weak forms of function words. This study had participants perform shadowing tasks where one group did shadowing using auditory and visual sequencing input. The other group had only uditory input, but the auditory input was presented to each participant at three different speed. The results of the preand post-tests were analyzed, and the analysis revealed that the visual-auditory shadowing prime acilitated the production of weak forms to a greater extent than the scaffolded prime

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