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Phase diagram of a Disordered Boson Hubbard Model in Two Dimensions

By Ji-Woo Lee, Min-Chul Cha and Doochul Kim

Abstract

We study the zero-temperature phase transition of a two-dimensional disordered boson Hubbard model. The phase diagram of this model is constructed in terms of the disorder strength and the chemical potential. Via quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we find a multicritical line separating the weak-disorder regime, where a random potential is irrelevant, from the strong-disorder regime. In the weak-disorder regime, the Mott-insulator-to-superfluid transition occurs, while, in the strong-disorder regime, the Bose-glass-to-superfluid transition occurs. On the multicritical line, the insulator-to-superfluid transition has the dynamical critical exponent $z=1.35 \pm 0.05$ and the correlation length critical exponent $\nu=0.67 \pm 0.03$, that are different from the values for the transitions off the line. We suggest that the proliferation of the particle-hole pairs screens out the weak disorder effects.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, to be published in PR

Topics: Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks, Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons, Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
Publisher: 'American Physical Society (APS)'
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.247006
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:cond-mat/0108180

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