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LDV Remote Voice Acquisition and Enhancement

By Weihong Li, Ming Liu, Zhigang Zhu and Thomas S. Huang


Laser Doppler vibrometers (LDVs) have been widely used in industry inspection. One of the superior characteristics of an LDV is that it can detect and measure extremely tiny vibration of a target at a large distance, with sensitivity on the order of 1µm/s. On the other hand, we have found that most objects nearby audio sources can be vibrated by the audio waves. These two aspects motivate our research in a new application of the LDVs, namely remote voice detection from surrounding vibrated objects. However, the detected speech signals may be corrupted by many noise sources, such as laser photon noises, target movements, and background acoustic noises (wind, engine sound, etc.). Therefore, speech enhancement algorithms based on Gaussian bandpass and Wiener filters are designed to effectively improve the intelligibility of the noisy voice signals detected by the LDV system Experimental results show that remote voice detection via an LDV is very promising, when choosing appropriate targets close to human subjects and using the proposed enhancement techniques. 1

Year: 2013
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