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By C. Richard Johnson, Jr. Cornell, William A. Sethares, Erik Hinterding Rijksmuseum, Arie Wallert Rijksmuseum and Dionysia Christoforou Rijksmuseum


This document describes a project – initiated late in 2012 – to use the chain line patterns apparent in beta-radiographs of the prints of Rembrandt to help identify mold-mates, i.e. papers made from the same mold, among those prints lacking watermarks. Background An ultimate objective of technical examination of laid papers is to help determine their date and location of manufacture. Prior to the mid-18th century laid papers were made by scooping paper pulp with a mold comprised of a screen within a rectangular wooden frame (Hunter, 1978) (Loeber, 1982). The screen allowed the water to drain from the pulp leaving a sheet of paper – sized by the borders of the frame – that would be removed to dry. The mold-based procedure for producing laid papers described in (Hunter, 1978) and (Loeber, 1982), leaves impressed features, including chain and laid lines and watermarks, detectable as thinner locations on a sheet of paper. Transmitted light photographs and beta-radiographs are often proposed for revealing these impressions as the thinner portions of the paper impede the signal less and therefore stand out in the image produced. Transmitted light photographs have the disadvantag

Year: 2013
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