process on a general level in order to get more people and organisations involved in shaping and delivering EU policy. The Paper already outlines conditions for the use of co-regulation to this end: co-regulation implies that a framework of overall objectives, basic rights, enforcement and appeal mechanisms, and conditions for monitoring compliance is established in legislation. It should be used only where it clearly adds value and serves the general interest. In any case it should not be used in situations where rules need to apply in a uniform way in every Member State. In addition, the resulting cooperation must be compatible with European competition rules and the rules agreed must be sufficiently visible so that people are aware of the rules that apply and the rights they enjoy. However, where co-regulation fails to deliver the desired results or where certain private actors do not commit to the agreed rules, it will always remain possible for public authorities to intervene by establishing the necessary rules. Co-regulation aims at combining the advantage of the predictability and binding nature of legislation and the more flexible self-regulatory approach. The advantage for the regulator is that stakeholders can contribute expertise of a kind that is beyond the normal reach o
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