Prison and its Effects on the Health Outcomes of HIV Positive Black Men Post Incarceration

Abstract

Prison and its Effects on the Health Outcomes of HIV Positive Black Men Post Incarceration Samuel T. Gaines Faculty Sponsor: Young-Me Lee, PhD, RN Background: With an estimation that one in three Black men will be incarcerated in their lifetime and that incarcerated Black men are five times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV than their white counterparts, there is little information as to what factors affect their health outcomes post-incarceration. Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to use current research to explore the factors affecting the negative health outcomes of HIV positive African American men post-incarceration. Method: An integrative literature review was utilized to evaluate peer-reviewed articles published from 2009-2019 from four databases (CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, and PsychInfo). The search entailed several combinations of the following keywords: prison, incarcerat , correction, facilities, inmates, jail, African Americans, blacks, men, male, HIV, AIDS, transition, release, discharge, re-entry, leave, leaving, continuing, continuation, returning, home, care, healthcare, therapy, treatment, intervention, stigma. Results: Factors discovered included: a lack of basic needs (housing, employment, and transportation), along with poor discharge planning and healthcare upon reentry to the community, and stigmas of HIV, incarceration, and the intersection of both. Conclusion: These factors increase the negative health outcomes of this populace and more research needs to be done to not only improve the lives of these men who live a multifaceted existence but to improve and protect the whole community

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