Power system faults normally result in system damage, profit loss and consumer dissatisfaction. Consequently, there is a strong demand on precise and fast fault location estimation for power system to minimize the system restoration time. This paper examines a method to locate short-circuit faults on a distribution system with unbalanced loads without fault type information. Bus impedance matrix technique was harnessed in the fault location estimation algorithm. The system data including line impedances, source impedance and distribution system layout was assumed to be known factors, hence pre-fault bus impedance can be calculated and implemented into the algorithm. Corresponding methods to derive system matrix information were discussed. Case studies were performed to evaluate the accuracy of the fault location algorithm and illustrate the robust performance under measurements errors influences, load variation impacts and load compensation implementations. Traditional fault location methods involve current and voltage measurements mandatorily locating at each ends of faulted section to locate the fault. The method examined finds fault location for distribution system utilizing impedance matrix accompanied with sparse measurements in the power network. This method fully considers the unbalance of distribution system
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