An understanding of the bacteriology of the vagina in the healthy individual is of importance not only to the bacteriologist but also to the clinician, who would have a better comprehension of the various factors involved in disease of the female genitalia. Before a clear picture of the changes brought about by the presence of pathogenic bacteria can be presented, it is necessary to know the organisms which are normally present, so that their relationship as secondary invaders to the primary infection can be better understood. Knowledge concerning the normal bacterial flora is also important in those diseases of the female genitalia endogenous in origin. Although, prior to 1892, many sporadic attempts were made to obtain information concerning the bacterial flora, it was not until then that a comprehensive monograph by D6derlein2 furnished the first truly scientific information concerning the types of organism normally present in the vaginae of pregnant and non-pregnant individuals
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