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Strategies for cell manipulation and skeletal tissue engineering using high-throughput polymer blend formulation and microarray techniques

By F Khan, Rahul S. Tare, J.M. Kanczler and Richard O.C. Oreffo

Abstract

A combination of high-throughput material formulation and microarray techniques were synergistically applied for the efficient analysis of the biological functionality of 135 binary polymer blends. This allowed the identification of cell-compatible biopolymers permissive for human skeletal stem cell growth in both in vitro and in vivo applications. The blended polymeric materials were developed from commercially available, inexpensive and well characterised biodegradable polymers, which on their own lacked both the structural requirements of a scaffold material and, critically, the ability to facilitate cell growth. Blends identified here proved excellent templates for cell attachment, and in addition, a number of blends displayed remarkable bone-like architecture and facilitated bone regeneration by providing 3D biomimetic scaffolds for skeletal cell growth and osteogenic differentiation. This study demonstrates a unique strategy to generate and identify innovative materials with widespread application in cell biology as well as offering a new reparative platform strategy applicable to skeletal tissue

Topics: R1
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:175255
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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