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Reorganization of surviving mammal communities after the end-Pleistocene megafaunal extinction

By Anikó B. Tóth, S. Kathleen Lyons, W. Andrew Barr, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Jessica L. Blois, René Bobe, Matt Davis, Andrew Du, Jussi T. Eronen, J. Tyler Faith, Danielle Fraser, Nicholas J. Gotelli, Gary R. Graves, Advait M. Jukar, Joshua H. Miller, Silvia Pineda-Munoz, Laura C. Soul, Amelia Villaseñor and John Alroy

Abstract

Large mammals are at high risk of extinction globally. To understand the consequences of their demise for community assembly, we tracked community structure through the end- Pleistocene megafaunal extinction in North America.We decomposed the effects of biotic and abiotic factors by analyzing co-occurrence within the mutual ranges of species pairs. Although shifting climate drove an increase in niche overlap, co-occurrence decreased, signaling shifts in biotic interactions. Furthermore, the effect of abiotic factors on cooccurrence remained constant over time while the effect of biotic factors decreased. Biotic factors apparently played a key role in continental-scale community assembly before the extinctions. Specifically, large mammals likely promoted co-occurrence in the Pleistocene, and their loss contributed to the modern assembly pattern in which co-occurrence frequently falls below random expectations. Includes supplementary materials

Topics: Animal Sciences, Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Life Sciences, Paleobiology, Paleontology, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology
Publisher: DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Year: 2019
OAI identifier: oai:digitalcommons.unl.edu:bioscifacpub-1750
Provided by: UNL | Libraries

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