# The Author(s) 2010. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com A 40-year-old Caucasian man with a known history of haemoglobin E/β-thalassaemia presented to our department with progressive back pain referred to both limbs, disturbed sensibility and weakness. Due to persisting physical complaints MRI of the thorax was performed (a), showing a bilateral paravertebral mass. The combination of the mass configuration and a patient with β-thalassaemia gives the presence of extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) a high ranking in the differential diagnosis, but malignant lymphoma could not be excluded. 3′- 18 F-fluoro-3′-deoxy-L-thymidine ( 18 F-FLT) is used to detect and assess the haematopoietic bone marrow activity and could be helpful for the diagnosis of EMH . 18 F-FLT PET demonstrated bone marrow expansion to the distal parts of the skeleton, with homogeneous activity, and an elevated standardized uptake value (SUVmax of the spine 4.2; normal 3.7) in bone marrow, but decreased in liver and spleen compared to normal values . Normally no 18 F-FLT activity is shown in the distal bones . More importantly, 18 F-FLT PET revealed multiple bilateral and thoracic paravertebral EMH masses with an elevated SUVmax of 5 (c). For optimal delineation of the EMH mass 18 F-FLT PET was fused with MRI which demonstrated intense 18 F-FLT uptake in the paravertebral area of the thorax (b). Due to the observed findings a new bone marrow aspiration was performed which revealed hypercellularit
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.