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HIV Antigen Incorporation within Adenovirus Hexon Hypervariable 2 for a Novel HIV Vaccine Approach

By Qiana L. Matthews, Aiman Fatima, Yizhe Tang, Brian A. Perry, Yuko Tsuruta, Laura Timares, Chunxia Zhao, Natalia Makarova, Anton V. Borovjagin, Phoebe L, Hongju Wu, Jerry L. Blackwell and David T. Curiel

Abstract

Adenoviral (Ad) vectors have been used for a variety of vaccine applications including cancer and infectious diseases. Traditionally, Ad-based vaccines are designed to express antigens through transgene expression of a given antigen. However, in some cases these conventional Ad-based vaccines have had sub-optimal clinical results. These sub-optimal results are attributed in part to pre-existing Ad serotype 5 (Ad5) immunity. In order to circumvent the need for antigen expression via transgene incorporation, the ‘‘antigen capsid-incorporation’ ’ strategy has been developed and used for Adbased vaccine development in the context of a few diseases. This strategy embodies the incorporation of antigenic peptides within the capsid structure of viral vectors. The major capsid protein hexon has been utilized for these capsid incorporation strategies due to hexon’s natural role in the generation of anti-Ad immune response and its numerical representation within the Ad virion. Using this strategy, we have developed the means to incorporate heterologous peptide epitopes specifically within the major surface-exposed domains of the Ad capsid protein hexon. Our study herei

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.353.5767
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