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Stochastic and . . . Euclidean Plane: The Multiple-Server, Capacitated Vehicle Case

By Dimitris J. Bertsimas and Garrett van Ryzin


In a previous paper [12], we introduced a new model for stochastic and dynamic vehicle routing called the dynamic traveling repairman problem (DTRP), in which a vehicle traveling at constant velocity in a Euclidean region must service demands whose time of arrival, location and on-site service are stochastic. The objective is to find a policy to service demands over an infinite horizon that minimizes the expected system time (wait plus service) of the demands. We showed that the stability condition did not depend on the geometry of the service region (i.e. size, shape, etc.). In addition, we established bounds on the optimal system time and proposed an optimal policy in light traffic and several policies that have system times within a constant factor of the lower bounds in heavy traffic. We showed that the leading behavior of the optimal system time had a particularly simple form which increases much more rapidly with traffic intensity than the system time in traditional queues (e.g. M/G/1). In this paper, we extend these results in several directions. First, we propose new bounds and policies for the problem of m identical vehicles with unlimited capacity and show that in heavy traffic the system time is reduced by a factor of 1/m 2 over the single server case. Policies based on dividing the service region into m equal subregion

Year: 1990
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