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An overview of the recent progress on matrix multiplication

By Virginia Vassilevska Williams


The exponent ω of matrix multiplication is the infimum over all real numbers c such that for all ε> 0 there is an algorithm that multiplies n × n matrices using at most O(nc+ε) arithmetic operations over an arbitrary field. A trivial lower bound on ω is 2, and the best known upper bound until recently was ω < 2.376 achieved by Coppersmith and Winograd in 1987. There were two independent improvements on ω, one by Stothers in 2010 who showed that ω < 2.374, and one by myself that ultimately resulted in ω < 2.373. Here I discuss the road to these improvements and conclude with some open questions.

Year: 2012
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