In order to effectively assist victims and survivors of crime, it is essential for probation and parole agencies to forge ongoing collaborative initiatives and partnerships with victim assistance agencies and with other entities that share a commitment to crime victims ’ rights and services. Over the past 2 decades, many strong partnerships have emerged to promote victims ’ rights and improve victim assistance in the postsentencing phases of criminal and juvenile cases. These partnerships essentially help community corrections agencies to identify, assess, and address victims ’ needs throughout probation and parole processes. DEFINING COLLABORATION AND PARTNERSHIPS Various terms are utilized in community corrections and victim assistance to describe efforts that bring people together around a common cause. George Keiser (2008), former Chief of the National Institute of Corrections, Community Corrections Division, describes four key terms and their meanings: This publication was produced by the Council of State Government/American Probation and Parole Association under Cooperativ
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