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Effect of Concentration of Sodium Borohydrate on the Synthesis of Silicon Nanoparticles via Microemulsion Route

By W. L. Liong, Srimala Sreekantan and Sabar D. Hutagalung

Abstract

Abstract—The effect of concentration of reduction agent of sodium borohydrate (NaBH4) on the properties of silicon nanoparticles synthesized via microemulsion route is reported. In this work, the concentration of the silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) that served as silicon source with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) as stabilizer and surfactant, respectively, are keep fixed. Four samples with varied concentration of NaBH4 from 0.05 M to 0.20 M were synthesized. It was found that the lowest concentration of NaBH 4 gave better formation of silicon nanoparticles. Keywords—Microelmusion, nanoparticles, reduction, silicon I

Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.352.8255
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