indicated that illicit drug use is 16.2 % among pregnant teens and 7.4 % among pregnant women aged 18 to 25 years. 1 Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a drug withdrawal syndrome in newborns following birth. The syndrome most commonly occurs in the context of antepartum opiate use, although other drugs have also been implicated. 2-5 In addition to NAS, illicit drug use (specifically opioid dependence) during pregnancy is associated with a significantly increased risk of adverse neonatal outcome
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