Thomas Sowell provides examples of people from many parts of the world demanding that their governments restrict the economic and occupational success of specific ethnic or racial groups. However, when the same people act as individuals or business owners, they actively resist and/or circumvent these restrictions. 1 The reason is a fundamental economic principle, which is obvious to common sense. If an individual or business, while engaging in an economic activity—hiring, promotion, lending money—considers any non-economic factors, the person or business will suffer economically—even if the non-economic factors were considered unconsciously. Martin Katz provides an excellent concise demonstration of this principle in his argument for government-enforced affirmative action. He demonstrates that the lower average income and occupational status of black Americans must be caused by their lower productivity, not by racial discrimination. So, without government *Steven Farron is Professor of Classics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. This article is distilled from a trilogy of books on which he is working. One is on the genetic determinism of intelligence. The other two are about the catastrophic social effects of assuming that intra-breeding populations do not differ in innate abilities. One of these books is devoted completely to Nazism and the Holocaust. The other concerns, among other examples, the murder of the Armenians and kulaks and the persecution of whites in the United States
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.