Abstract. RAID systems are widely deployed, both as standalone storage solutions and as the building blocks of modern virtualised storage platforms. An accurate model of RAID system performance is therefore critical to understanding storage system performance. To this end, this paper presents a queueing network-based model of RAID systems comprised of zoned disks and operating at RAID level 0-1 or 5. The contribution over previous work is twofold. Firstly, our analysis approximates full I/O request response time distributions rather than just mean values. This provides the ability to reason about response time quantiles and higher moments of response time – both of which are useful in the context of modern quality of service requirements. Secondly, we validate our model against measurements from a real RAID system rather than a software simulation. The close agreement between predicted and observed response time distributions gives a high level of confidence in the validity of our model.
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