States is the source of national competitiveness. The aim of the paper is to analyze a competitive potential of the EU Member States with the help of quantitative analysis – Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The main purpose of this approach is to evaluate numerical grades of efficiency of economical processes within all the 27 EU Member States. Using of DEA method for national competitiveness evaluation is convenient because there is not only one factor evaluated, but a set of different factors that determine the degree of economic development. The DEA method is based on the inputs and outputs of used indicators and evaluates the efficiency how the EU Member States are able to transform their inputs into outputs. Therefore, efficiency of the EU Member States can be considered as a 'mirror ' of the competitiveness. Here, the DEA method becomes a suitable tool for setting a competitive/uncompetitive position of each Member State and for the comparison of the level of competitive potential of 27 EU Member States. Keywords—Evaluation, efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, efficiency index, super efficiency index
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