summer monsoon rainfall and summer NINO3 SST (blue solid), winter western European SAT (red solid), and winter central Eurasian SAT (yellow). Dashed lines are the result of removing 1983 and 1997. The 1 % and 5% significance levels are indicated as horizontal lines. The paper appears on page 5. As a result of the series of scientific workshops this issue of Exchanges highlight recent scientific work on the field of decadal variability and predictability, one of the main streams of CLIVAR
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