deliver better market outcomes, but competition can be constrained by government policy and anti-competitive business practices, with economic costs • Governments should assess and factor in the likely impact of their policy decisions on competition • Competition authorities can play an important role in advocating for pro-competition reforms, investigating anticompetitive practices, and building a stronger competition culture and evidence base Overseas Development Institute ODI is the UK’s leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. ODI Project Briefings provide a focused and specialised summary of a project, a country study or regional analysis. This and other ODI Project Briefings are available from www.odi.org.uk How do government policies and business practices affect the degree of competition in a given market? How does competition, in turn, affect market outcomes, such as prices, innovation and access to services? With funding from the UK Department for International Development, ODI has compared economic performance in four product markets – sugar, cement, beer and mobile phone service
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