Location of Repository

Parental control and monitoring of young people's sexual behaviour in rural North-Western Tanzania: implications for sexual and reproductive health interventions

By Joyce Wamoyi, Angela Fenwick, Mark Urassa, Basia Zaba and William Stones

Abstract

Background: parenting through control and monitoring has been found to have an effect on young people's sexual behaviour. There is a dearth of literature from sub-Saharan Africa on this subject. This paper examines parental control and monitoring and the implications of this on young people's sexual decision making in a rural setting in North-Western Tanzania.<br/><br/>Methods: this study employed an ethnographic research design. Data collection involved 17 focus group discussions and 46 in-depth interviews conducted with young people aged 14-24 years and parents/carers of young people within this age-group. Thematic analysis was conducted with the aid of NVIVO 7 software.<br/><br/>Results: parents were motivated to control and monitor their children's behaviour for reasons such as social respectability and protecting them from undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Parental control and monitoring varied by family structure, gender, schooling status, a young person's contribution to the economic running of the family and previous experience of a SRH outcome such as unplanned pregnancy. Children from single parent families reported that they received less control compared to those from both parent families. While a father's presence in the family seemed important in controlling the activities of young people, a mother's did not have a similar effect. Girls especially those still schooling received more supervision compared to boys. Young women who had already had unplanned pregnancy were not supervised as closely as those who hadn't. Parents employed various techniques to control and monitor their children's sexual activities.<br/><br/>Conclusions: despite parents making efforts to control and monitor their young people's sexual behaviour, they are faced with several challenges (e.g. little time spent with their children) which make it difficult for them to effectively monitor them. There is a need for interventions such as parenting skills building that might enable parents to improve their relationships with children. This would equip parents with the appropriate skills for positive guidance and monitoring of their children and avoid inappropriate parenting behaviour. As much as parents focus their attention on their school going daughters, there is a need to also remember the out-of-school young people as they are also vulnerable to adverse SRH outcome

Topics: H1, R1
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:176617
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1984). A: Family origins and the schooling process: early versus late influence of parental characteristics. American Sociological review doi
  2. (1981). Teenage pregnancy in a family context: implications for policy. Philadelphia: Temple university press;
  3. (1970). The role of the environment in the sexual activity of school students in Tororo and Pallisa districts of Uganda. Health Transition Review
  4. The family in social context. London: doi
  5. (1986). Millstein SG: Biopsychosocial correlates of risk-taking behaviors during adolescence. Can the physician intervene? J Adolesc Health Care
  6. (1988). Delinquent youths and family. Adolescence
  7. (2005). Parental factors and sexual risktaking among young people in Cote d’Ivoire. doi
  8. (1997). The role of the environment in the sexual activity of school students in Tororo and Pallisa Districts of Uganda. Health Transit Rev
  9. (2001). MK: HIV/STD-protective benefits of living with mothers in Wamoyi et al. doi
  10. (2006). Supportive relationships and sexual risk behavior in adolescence: an ecological-transactional approach. J Pediatr Psychol
  11. (2002). RW: Mothers’ influence on the timing of first sex among 14- and 15-year-olds. J Adolesc Health doi
  12. (1999). Parental influence on adolescent sexual behavior in high-poverty settings. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med doi
  13. (2002). Family ecology and HIV sexual risk behaviors among African American and Puerto Rican adolescent males. doi
  14. (2007). The Straight Talk Campaign in Uganda: Impact of mass media initiatives, summary report,” Horizons Final Report.
  15. (2007). Vandenhoudt H: Youth Prevention activities in Western Kenya: the Families matter programme, paper presented in the Interagency Youth Working Group meeting.
  16. (2003). Family communication about HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among senior secondary school students in Accra, Ghana. African Health Sciences
  17. (2009). Developing methods to study parent-child relationships in rural sub-Saharan Africa: an exploratory project in Mwanza,
  18. (2007). WHO: Summaries of Projects in Developing Countries Assisting the Parents of Adolescents.
  19. (2000). Socializing influences and the value of sex: the experience of adolescent school girls in rural Masaka, Uganda. Cult Health Sex doi
  20. (2003). Harnessing the senga institution of adolescent sex education for the control of HIV and STDs in rural Uganda. AIDS Care doi
  21. (2007). WHO: Helping parents in developing countries improve Adolescents’ health. Geneva: World Health Organisation;
  22. The Foundations of Qualitative Research. In Qualitative Research Practice: A guide for Social Science Students and Researchers.. 1 edition. Edited by: doi
  23. (2000). HALIRA: Report of a focus group discussion and in-depth interview series with young people
  24. (2006). Qualitative Researching. doi
  25. (2008). Family context and the complexity of parenting: A focus on the influence on young people’s sexual behaviour in rural Tanzania. doi
  26. (2010). Parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health in rural Tanzania: Implications for young people’s sexual health interventions. Reprod Health doi
  27. (2006). DA: Contradictory sexual norms and expectations for young people in rural Northern Tanzania. Social Science and Medicine doi
  28. (2003). Owuor T: Parental presence and adolescent reproductive health among the Nairobi urban poor. doi
  29. (2005). Family background, sexual behaviour, and HIV/AIDS vulnerability of female street hawkers in Lagos metropolis, doi
  30. (2000). Sexual risk behaviours among young people in Bamenda, Cameroon. International Family Planning Perspectives doi
  31. (2006). Parental influences on young people’s sexual behaviour: a longitudinal analysis. doi
  32. (2008). Out of school and ‘at risk’? Socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge and risk perception among young people in Northern Tanzania.
  33. (2004). Reaching out-of-school with Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Information and Services. net Iy: Family Health International;
  34. (2005). Grosskurth H: The MEMA kwa Vijana project: design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemp Clin Trials doi
  35. al: Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.