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Dual Unsafe Injection and Sexual Behaviors for HIV Infection Among People Who Inject Drugs in Iran

By A. Esmaeili, M. Shokoohi, A. Danesh, H. Sharifi, M. Karamouzian, A.A. Haghdoost, A. Shahesmaeili, S. Akbarpour, M.D. Morris and A. Mirzazadeh


We used two national surveys (2010: N = 1597; 2013: N = 1057) of people who inject drugs (PWID) in past-month to assess the prevalence and population size of PWID with either safe or unsafe injection and sex behaviors, overall and by HIV status. In 2013, only 27.0 (vs. 32.3 in 2010) had safe injection and sex, 24.6 (vs. 23.3 in 2010) had unsafe injection and sex, 26.4 (vs. 26.5 in 2010) had only unsafe injection, and 22.0 (vs. 18.0 in 2010) had unsafe sex only. Among HIV-positive PWID in 2013, only 22.1 (~ 2200 persons) had safe injection and sex, 14.2 (~ 1400 persons) had unsafe injection and sex, 53.1 (~ 5200 persons) had unsafe injection, and 10.6 had unsafe sex (~ 1100 persons). Among HIV-negative PWID in 2013, only 27.5 (~ 22,200 persons) had safe injection and sex, 25.9 (~ 20,900 PWID) had unsafe injection and sex, 23.2 (~ 18,700 persons) had unsafe injection, and 23.3 (~ 18,800 persons) had unsafe sex. HIV-positive and -negative PWID in Iran continue to be at risk of HIV acquisition or transmission which calls for targeted preventions services. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

Topics: بیماریهای واگیرWC, میکروب شناسی وایمنی شناسی QW, بهداشت عمومی WA, مقالات نمایه شده محققین دانشگاه در سایت ,Web of Science ,Scopus
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Year: 2019
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