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www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph Article The More the Worse: the Grade of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Associates with the Severity of Tinnitus

By Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze, Heidemarie Haupt and Agnieszka J. Szczepek

Abstract

Abstract: Tinnitus disturbs lives and negatively affects the quality of life of about 2 % of the adult world population. Research has shown that the main cause of tinnitus is hearing loss. To analyze a possible association of the degree of hearing loss with the severity of tinnitus, we have performed a retrospective study using admission data on 531 patients suffering from chronic tinnitus. We have found that 83 % of our tinnitus patients had a high frequency hearing loss corresponding to a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). There was a significant correlation between the mean hearing loss and the tinnitus loudness (p < 0.0001). Interestingly, patients suffering from decompensated chronic tinnitus had a greater degree of hearing loss than the patients with compensated form of tinnitus. In addition, we demonstrate that the degree of hearing loss positively correlates with the two subscales (“intrusiveness ” and “auditory perceptional difficulties”) of the Tinnitus Questionnaire. Our retrospective study provides indirect evidence supporting the hypothesis that the degree of noise-induced hearing loss influences the severity of tinnitus

Topics: noise, noise-induced hearing loss, tinnitus, quality of lifeInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7 3072
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.352.1209
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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