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Age of basement rocks from the Maurice Ewing Bank and the Falkland/Malvinas Plateau

By Farid Chemale, Victor Alberto Ramos, Maximiliano Naipauer, Tiago J. Girelli and Mateus Vargas

Abstract

The Maurice Ewing Bank is located east of the Falkland/Malvinas Islands and is one of the most intriguing regions of southern Gondwana. The interaction of several microplates with major cratonic areas resulted in complex displacements between Paleozoic and Cretaceous times. Here, we present combined U-Pb and Lu-Hf zircon isotopic analyses of the Maurice Ewing Bank basement to constrain the age and tectonic setting to aid in paleogeographic reconstruction. The high-grade paragneisses in the bank present dominant Late Mesoproterozoic detrital zircon age distributions with populations at 1032 ± 12 Ma, 1068 ± 16 Ma and 1233 ± 8 Ma and juvenile signature (positive εHf[t] values). The gneisses are cutting by anatectic pink granite crystallized at 1006 ± 13 Ma which formed after syn-collisional high-grade metamorphism and shows juvenile and some crustal component (εHf[t] = +1.6 to −3). The Maurice Ewing Bank basement rocks have same Stenian age and dominant juvenile signature as the arc-related basement rocks from the Falkland/Malvinas Islands and are probably part of the same continental plateau of the South America continent. This new finding enables future reconstructions in paleogeographic models where the basement of the Falkland/Malvinas Islands and the Maurice Ewing Bank formed a single block during the Mesoproterozoic and were partly separated by crustal stretching during the opening of the Atlantic Ocean in the Late Jurassic-Cretaceous. The block played a major role in the deformation of the Cape Fold Belt from the Late Paleozoic through the Mesozoic.Fil: Chemale, Farid. Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia; BrasilFil: Ramos, Victor Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Estudios Andinos "Don Pablo Groeber". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Estudios Andinos "Don Pablo Groeber"; ArgentinaFil: Naipauer, Maximiliano. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Estudios Andinos "Don Pablo Groeber". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Estudios Andinos "Don Pablo Groeber"; ArgentinaFil: Girelli, Tiago J.. Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia; BrasilFil: Vargas, Mateus. Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia; Brasi

Topics: FALKLAND-MALVINAS ISLANDS, MAURICE EWING BANK, MESOPROTEROZOIC, MESOZOIC, PALEOGEOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION, Geología, Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente, CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.precamres.2018.05.026
OAI identifier: oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/84687
Provided by: CONICET Digital
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