中越方言の音韻分析

Abstract

Kubozono(1998) argues that both English and Japanese prefer heavy syllables to light or super heavy syllables, citing various diachronic changes and synchronic phenomena in those languages. The present article examines the formation of heavy syllables in the Chuetsu Dialect, and shows that this dialect exhibits a stronger tendency to make heavy syllables out of sequences of light syllables than the Tokyo dialect does. The data of the Chuetsu Dialect were collected from Niigata Prefecture Dialect Dictionary (Ohashi,2003) with additional examples that the present author collected in the Chuetsu region. This analysis reveals four types of heavy syllable formation in the Chuetsu Dialect : vowel deletion, vowel insertion (or, vowel lengthening), consonant deletion, andconsonant insertion (or, gemination)

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