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F.m.IV.158 (Antiphonal)



AntiphonalLiturgySaec. xvSweden*25folios. 20.5-21.5 x 28.5-30 cm. 1 column, 10 lines, 11 lines onf. 16", however. Other leaves than fi 3 have been pressed smooth. Many broken or cut leaves. Colours are faded everywhere. 15th c. Large initials: 1) blue, and 2) red. Small initials highlighted in yellow, many of them filled with a human face or head figure. Quadratic notation on a red four-line staff, (15.5 mm, ruled with a rastrum), custos, linea, b rotundum. Photograph ofifi 18" on p. 178. SRA KA Finska Cameralia 61 "Cleinei Söfffingsons /.../ 1589" (one bif. iud. Olavi, Laurentij/1 is from the same manuscript as this one. ANTIPHONARIUM, Dominicanum-Aboense. See the remark accompanying the description of Antiphoner No. 145, relating to the office of the Visitation. Milveden 1972 (a) p. 12 n. 34 dates this manuscript to the mid- 15th century. The fragment does not contain the feast for the Patrons of the Realm. For this reason the terminus ante quern falls in the mid-1470s. Maliniemi 1957 p. 29, Milveden 1963 p. 26, Helander 1989 pp. 1 12-128; Idem 2001 p. 378. The unusual feast sequence can be explained by the fact that a supplementary section was added after the Te Deum (f. 6r).This section forms a secular type of addition to the basic Dominican structure of the original codex, or rather, to the original copying tradition. A similar arrangement is seen in the manuscript Stockholm, KB A 56 (provenance: Finland, ca. 1485-1500, described by Maliniemi 1957), not to mention many other additions to printed Dominican breviaries in Finland.The supplement is on ff. 6-25, and inchides Nordic rhymed offices. A corpus Christi office, beginning with the ant. Sacerdos in aeternum and rubricated "Officium noue sollempnitatis corporis xpisti" calls our attention to the section. Because the manuscript represents a rather late date, the form of the rubric must derive from an older tradition.The earliest evidence of the feast in Finnish sources encountered so far is a document published in Finlands medeltidsurkunder I 1910, under No. 331. It is from 1326, but certainly the celebration was introduced by the 1310s, in consequence of the bull Transiturus in 1309. Sacerdos in aeternum is very common in sources of Finnish provenance known to us. Besides Antiphoner No. 158 it has survived in No. 156 f. 1 (Dominicanum-Aboense ca. 1460-1475) and in No. 203 f.4 (Dominicanum- Aboense 16th c'"), as well in complete antiphoners likeTMATtkad Gu 1:3 ff. 68"-73r (Dominicanum-Aboense 15th c'""'),Vorå (Voyri Fi) Parish Records I a ff. 42"-48r (Dominicanum-Aboense 16th c'"), and HUL Ao II 29 ff. 66"-69" (Finnish 16th c"'"'). See also Antiphoner No. 74 f. 2, No. 100 f. 1 (14th or 15th c),No. 101 f. 2 (Dominican 14th or 15th c),No. 126 f. 3 (very probably Aboense 14th c" or 15th c), and No. 131 ff. 1-2 (Dominican 15th c) in our catalogue. Sacerdos in aeternum is often found in Nordic printed breviaries as well, for instance in Breviarium Upsalense 1496 ff. [p iv]" - [p vij]r, Breviarium Arosiense 1513 ff. temporale 122"-125r, and Breviarium Scarense 1498 ff. CLXXVIir-CLXXXF. Breviarium Dominicanum 1485 gives it on ff. v 2'"[v 5]". F. 1 [Ad vincula Petri] beginning [con]tinuo of the ant. ad Magnificat at II vespers, [Angelus Domini astitit]; In inuencione sancti stephani ending in the ant. ad Magnificat at II vespers, H\odie sanctusJohannes], but the passage cannot be identified because of the defective state of the leaf. F. 2 [Dominici confessoris] beginning [o]bedit of the 2nd resp. of the II nocturn, [Pants oblatus V Signo], and ending in the verse of the 3rd resp. of the III nocturn, O span V Q[ui tot], but the passage cannot be identified because of the defective state of the leaf. *& Analecta hymnica XXV 1897 No. 85. F. 3 [In exaltatione sanctae crucis| beginning [dig[na of the 1st resp. of the I noct., [Dulce lignum] V Hoc signum, and ending in the versicle of the II noct., Per signum (ta). F. 4 [Martini episcopi] beginning [relaxa]bat, the closing word of the respond of the 3rd resp. of the II noct., [Oculis ac manibus] V Nobili, and ending with the second word of the 2nd resp. of the III noct., O quantus. E 5 [Clementis papae et martyris | beginning confessoribus of the 3rd resp. of the I noct., [Orcmus oiiiues] V Qui, and ending dominus of the 2nd ant. at lauds, Non meis meritis. Only the last great responsories of each nocturn are given at matins. F. 6 [Te Deum] beginning domine super nos; Officium noue sollempnitatis corporis xpisti ending dedit of the 1st ant. of the I noct., Fructum saliitiferum. Ff. 7-8 [IdemJ continuing [man]ducauerit of the 3rd resp. of the I noct., [Respexit Helyas V Si], and ending in the verse of the 2nd resp. of the III noct., Misit me V Cibauit, only the catchword being missing. F. 9 [IdemJ continuing [im]pletur of the ant. ad Magnificat at II vespers, [O sacrum convivium]; Per octauam. Includes two gospel antiphons, for example, which can alternatively be used in the service of facies Domini, according to the rubric; Sancti petri martiris ending with the opening word of the invitatory, Celestis [exercitus regent]. «" Analecta hymnica XXVIII1898 No. 48. Ff. 10-19 [Idem] continuing e[mitur] of the last resp. at matins, [Dum Samsonis] V S[tat[; In festo beati eskilli episcopi et martyris. Analecta hymnica XXVI 1897 No. 1; De visitacione beate virginis. "W Analecta hymnica XXIV 1896 No. 30; De sancta helena ending in the versicle of the I noct. (ta). es* Analecta hymnica XXVI 1897 No. 31. See Milveden 1972 (a) p. 12 and passim. See the review accompanying the description of Antiphoner No. 156. Ff. 20-21 [idem] continuing redit of the 1st resp. of the II noct., [Offert se V Non cedens], and ending pre[camina] of the ant. ad Benedictus, O beata domina. Ff. 22-23 [Birgittae viduae] beginning et dcbilibus of the ant. ad Magnificat at I vespers, [Mynistrans pauperibus], and ending instructa of the 1st resp. of the II noct., Maria uirgo paruula. *" Analecta hymnica XXV 1897 No. 57. Ff. 24-25 [idem] continuing with the 3rd ant. of the III noct., [Quamforti vehementa], of which only the closing word [e[ dixit and the differentia remain. "3s The last great responsory is Regniim mundi. No headline survives on bif. 12/17, two headlines on f. 19. F. 3 4312 "Hans Patsons Reckenskap for Arlige Renttan och Gierden vdi Hattula Haradtt Pro Anno etc 1593". Almquist 1919-1922 p. 476: Hans Pavelsson."Finland 1593 No 2". F. 5" 2374 "Preste Ranttan Bogamanttalet ochTienden aff Offre Satagunden pro Anno etc 1585". F. 6' 1471 "[...] Pro Anno etc 1587".This record is worn and illegible, "her vdi finnes Tomptores Register Lonningz Register och Copier aff Quittentier och Rewersaler".Taxes from Abo castle. F. 7' 1489 "Jordeboken och Mantalet pa Schatte bonderne affMasko och Wemo hareder pro Anno etc 1588". "Her wti finnes [...] Register [...]". F. 13' 1507 "Mantals, fortarningz, Wtspisningz, Tompt oris, Loningz och handlingz Lengd sampt Copie Register affQuitentierne fbr Abo Slott pro Anno etc 1590". F. 15'6572 "Preste Rentan aff Jochas Wesulax pellosniemi och Haukiwon Kyrckie Sockner medh enn Sachoris Langdh pro anno etc 86". F. 18'3419 "Skatte och Mantals Booken Aff Bårgo lähnn pro Anno etc 1586". "Her vti finnes inbundit Kirchie [...] Saakores frelsis längd Landbo längd och quittentie register [ ]" E 19;"Tomas Hendriksons Rekenscaap för Bårgo lähn för [...] 1586". In a token:"Finlandh 1586 Regi 2 No 14 . F. 19" 3418 "Tomas Hendricksons Rekenskap för Ärlige Rentan [...] för Borgo Lhän kem Helsingefars gårdz [...] Anno etc 1586"."Finland 1586 No 14". F. 20" 1466 "Jordeboken och Mantaledt på Schattebönderne medh en kort Vnderuisningh huru Schatten aff huar Sochn Vtgörs aff masko och wemo häreder I nårfinlandh pro Anno etc 1586" "Finland No 1". F. 23" 1470 "Lårens Hindersons Rekenskap för opbörd och Vtgifft för Åbo Slåth sampt för 5 thes Ladegårder pro anno etc 1587"."Register -2"."förhördt affHendrich Matzon [...] Septemberis Månadt anno 89 på åbo [slott]". Kiuasmaa 1962 p. 516 says that Henrik Matsson was a scrivener at Abo chambers 1587-1590.The record proves that the documents were attached to their wrapper in Finland. F. 24" 1538 "Tiende, Ödis Hemens, Quarntull Register sampt Copier och Quittentier Item KM och Hertig Carls tilgifftz Breffuen pro Anno etc 1593".The form of the headline shows that the documents were attached to their wrapper in Finland, Haapanen 1922 p. XXIV. Lit.: Milveden 1963 p. 24 note 8 (a brief mention); Idem 1972 (a) pp. 12,13 (b/w reproduction of the upper half of f. 19") and passim; Idem 1972 (b) p. 9; Taitto 1996 p. 52 (a brief mention).DATE: Probably before mid-1470s; saec. xv med. suggested. ORIGIN: Added according to liturgical use. OTHER NOTES: From same codex: MPO Fr 10399 (Stockholm, Riksarkivet: Kammararkivet Finska Cameralia 61:2 1589; 1 fr., 2 fol.).Diocese of ÅboDominicanSwede

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