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Bill Barron's comments on Ark, Post in preface to VAUDRUEIL PAPERS xvii Neither the largest nor the most important of the La. posts, by an historical accident it was the first to be stablished in the entire lower Miss. Valley. The act of possession of the country of Arkansas by La Salle took place in 1682 at the village of the Kapaha, one of the Akansa tribes assebmles there. A detailed description of this is given in a proces verbacl dated 14 Mar 1682 in the National Archives, Paris, (F3, 241, l), an official act of the notary, Jacques de La Metairie, who accompanied La Salle and was present for the ceremony. The date of acquisition according to this document appears to be 13 Mar 1682. Another first for the Arkansas post was the stablishment of the oldestprojected Jesuit Mission in the Mississippi Valley (p 446, John G. Shea, History of the Catholic Missions). While this facility remained small throughout the entire French period, also later under the Spanish domination, it neverthelss fulfilled a necessary function in supplying the Ill. convoys and serving as a winter refuge when the long journey could not be completed before winter ice prevented further ascent. It served the hunters and trappers who frequented the Arkansas River and its tributaries far inland, and created a valuable, needed volume of peltries for a trade which made the post one of the more profitable in the colony. And unique to the history of the French in the Miss. Valley were the Arkansas Indians, or Quapaw as they were occasionally called, who remained completely loyal to the French at all times. No other tribe was so dedicated. They fought the Chickasaw to the east at the bidding of the French and refused all alliances with tribes from the north who attempted to influence their acceptance of the English. Accordingly, Vaudreuil repeatedly urged appointment of the best of commandants to the post to assure good rapport with the Quapaw, and never relented in promoting entire satisfaction for them. Census Tables in VAUDREUIL PAPERS LO 54 - Pointe Coupee 16 p dtd 20 Dec 1745 LO 46 - German Coast - dtd 8 Feb 1749 4 p - made following the Indian attack of 8 Nov 1748 LO 200 - Arkansas Post 1 p by Louis Xavier Martin de Lino de Chalmette, Ark Post Commandant - 1 p 1749 LO 299 - - 1745 31 p - List and Recapitulation of French troops maintained in La with list of the deceased for 1744 and 1745 by Co. LO 426 - Census of Ill. Country 11 p - Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Fort Chartres, Praire du Rocher, St Genevieve, St. Philippe dtd end of Dec 175

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