We have isolated a cDNA clone from Arabidopsis, At-ERabpl, for the Arabidopsis auxin binding protein located in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This cDNA clone codes for a protein related to the major auxin binding protein from maize, Zm-ERabpl. A single open reading frame, 594 bases in length, predicts a protein of 198 amino acid residues and a molecular mass of 22,044 D. The primary amino acid sequence contains an N-terminal hydrophobic signal sequence of 33 amino acids. We demonstrated by in vitro studies that the At-ERabpl protein is translocated into ER-derived microsomes. The protein was processed, and the cleavage site for the N-terminal signal peptide was determined by radiosequencing. The mature protein is composed of 165 amino acid residues, with a molecular mass of 18,641 D. The At-ERabpl protein contains potential N-glycosylation sites (A~n~~-lle-Ser and Asnl30-Ser-Thr). In vitro transport studies demonstrated cotranslational glycosylation. Retention within the lumen of the ER correlates with an additional signal located at the C terminus and represented by the amino acids Lys1S6Asp-GIu-Leu, well known to be essential for active retrieval of proteins into the lumen of the ER. DNA gel blot analysis of genomic DNA revealed single hybridizing bands, suggesting that only a single At-ERabpl gene is present in the Arabidopsis genome. Restriction fragment length polymorphism mapping indeed revealed a single locus mapping to chromosome 4
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