The effects of the stable expression of E1A and/or middle T oncogenes on the proliferative activity of PC Cl3 normal thyroid cells are reported. The proliferation of PC Cl3 cells is mainly regulated by insulin and TSH in a stimulatory way and by somatostatin in an inhibitory fashion. The transformed cell lines, named PC Py and PC E1A Py, show an autonomous pattern of proliferation. The blockade of phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity with vanadate increased the proliferation rate of PC Cl3 under basal and stimulated conditions and completely prevented the inhibitory activity of somatostatin, suggesting that in PC Cl3 cells, a tonic tyrosine phosphatase activity regulates basal and stimulated proliferation, and that a somatostatindependent increase in this activity may represent a cytostatic signal. Conversely, in both PC Py and PC E1A Py, vanadate did not modify basal and stimulated proliferation. We analyzed tyrosine phosphatas
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