By producing T 3 from T 4, type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) catalyzes the first step in the cascade underlying the effect exerted by thyroid hormone. Type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase mRNA is expressed at high levels in human heart but is barely detectable in the corresponding rodent tissue. Although the heart is a major target of thyroid hormone, the role of cardiac D2 and the factors that regulate its expression are unknown. Here we report that the human Dio2 promoter is very sensitive to the cardiac transcription factors Nkx-2.5 and GATA-4. Nkx-2.5 transactivates a 6.5-kb human (h)Dio2-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase construct, with maximal induction reached with a 633-bp proximal promoter region
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