We have shown previously that peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of patients with metastatic melanoma include cytotoxic T-cell clones that recognize Melan-A/MART-1 in a HLA-A2-restricted fashion. Such clones preferentially use the variable (V) regions TCRBV14 or TCRBV7 in the ÃŸ-chain of their T-cell receptor (TCRB). It was not known, however, whether this finding is associated with the presence of the HLA-A2 alÃele in tumor tissue and whether evidence of the predominance of these TCRBV families can also be observed in primary tumor tissue. To address these issues, we have used a semiquantitative PCR to examine the TCRBV repertoire in six HLA-A2-matched primary melanomas in comparison with their autologous PBL. Although each patient had his or her own pattern of skewed TCRBV utilization, in all patients, T-cells that used TCRBV14 were significantly overrepresented in the neoplastic site co
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