The Subjunctive in French, Critical Appreciation or Rules of Morphology

Abstract

Dans ce mémoire, on analysera le thème du subjonctif en français. Il s'agit de mode qui se souvent analyse en comparant avec l'indicatif. Premièrement, on va examiner la morphologie du subjonctif en français, autrement dit, la forme et les désinences pour tous les quatre temps de ce mode. Ensuite, on va regarder l’utilisation du subjonctif dans les propositions indépendantes et dépendantes, mais aussi les conjonctions qui introduisent le subjonctif dans les propositions subordonnées. A la fin, on observera l’appréciation critique entre le choix de l’utilisation de l’indicatif ou le subjonctif en français. Le subjonctif comme le mode, déjà quelques décennies, crée la polémique aux linguistes parce que, malgré les règles grammaticales et l’automatisme apprise, le locuteur finalement décide sur le choix du mode qu’il utilisera, c’est-à-dire, tout dépend de ses sentiments, son opinion personnelle, sa subjectivité et sa sécurité, la manière dont il veut s’exprimer.U ovom diplomskom radu će se obraditi tema francuskog konjunktiva. Riječ je o načinu koji se često analizira uspoređujući s indikativom. Prvenstveno će se obraditi morfologija francuskog konjunktiva, tj. forma i nastavci za sva četiri vremena tog načina. Nadalje, razmotrit će se upotreba konjunktiva u nezavisnim i zavisnim rečenicama, te veznici koji uvode sam konjunktiv u složene rečenice. Za kraj osvrnut ćemo se na kritički izbor između upotrebe indikativa ili konjunktiva u francuskom jeziku. Konjunktiv kao način već desetljećima stvara polemiku među lingvistima jer unatoč gramatičkim pravilima i naučenom automatizmu govornik na koncu odlučuje koji će se način upotrijebiti tj. sve ovisi o njegovim osjećajima, osobnom doživljaju, subjektivnosti i sigurnosti kojom nešto želi izraziti.This thesis will analyze the French subjunctive. It involves the question of mood, which is often analyzed in comparison with the indicative. First of all, the morphology of French subjunctive will be presented, in other words, the form and the terminations of the verbs for the four tenses of this mood. Furthermore, the use of subjunctive will be evaluated in the independent and the subordinate propositions. In addition, the conjunctions will be observed along with the conjunctions which introduce this mood in the subordinate propositions. Finally, we will refer to the critical choice that often poses questions between the use of indicative or subjunctive in French. The subjunctive as a mood has produced polemics for decades between linguists because, alongside all the grammatical rules and learned automatism, the speaker must choose which mood should be used. It all depends on their feelings, personal experience, subjectivity and being certain of something they wants to say

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