The human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) is an intrinsic transmembrane protein that mediates the active transport of iodide across the basolateral membrane of thyroid follicular cells. In addition to normally functioning thyroid tissue, various extrathyroidal tissues, including salivary gland, lacrimal gland, gastric mucosa, choroid plexus, and lactating mammary gland, have been demonstrated to accumulate iodide. After cloning and molecular characterization of the sodium iodide symporter, expression of hNIS messenger ribonucleic acid has been detected in a broad range of extrathyroidal tissues using Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR. In this study we used both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies directed against different portions of hNIS protein together with a highly sensitive immunostaining technique to assess hNIS protein expression in tissue sections derived from normal human salivary IODIDE UPTAKE across the basolateral membrane is
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