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TWO REGIMES OF TURBULENT FRAGMENTATION AND THE STELLAR IMF FROM PRIMORDIAL TO PRESENT DAY STAR FORMATION

By Preprint Typeset Using L, Paolo Padoan, Ake Nordlund, Alexei G. Kritsuk, Michael L. Norman and Pak Shing Li

Abstract

The Padoan and Nordlund model of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is derived from low order statistics of supersonic turbulence, neglecting gravity (e.g. gravitational fragmentation, accretion and merging). In this work the predictions of that model are tested using the largest numerical experiments of supersonic hydrodynamic (HD) and magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence to date ( ∼ 1000 3 computational zones) and three different codes (Enzo, Zeus and the Stagger Code). The model predicts a power law distribution for large masses, related to the turbulence energy power spectrum slope, and the shock jump conditions. This power law mass distribution is confirmed by the numerical experiments. The model also predicts a sharp difference between the HD and MHD regimes, which is recovered in the experiments as well, implying that the magnetic field, even below energy equipartition on the large scale, is a crucial component of the process of turbulent fragmentation. These results suggest that the stellar IMF of primordial stars may differ from that in later epochs of star formation, due to differences in both gas temperature and magnetic field strength. In particular, we find that the IMF of primordial stars born in turbulent clouds may be narrowly peaked around a mass of order 10 M⊙, as long as the column density of such clouds is not much in excess of 10 22 cm −2. Subject headings: ISM: kinematics and dynamics — stars: formation — turbulence 1

Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.317.6708
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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