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Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 04/03/99 PREDICTING PLANETS IN KNOWN EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETARY SYSTEMS I: TEST PARTICLE SIMULATIONS

By Rory Barnes and Sean N. Raymond

Abstract

Recent work has suggested that many planetary systems lie near instability. If all systems are near instability, then additional planet must exist in stable regions of well-separated extra-solar planetary systems to push these systems to the edge of stability. We examine the known systems by placing massless test particles in between the planets and integrate for 1-10 million years. We find that in some systems, HD168443 and HD74156, eject nearly all test particles within 2 million years. However we find that HD37124, HD38529, and 55Cnc have large contiguous regions in which particles survive for 10 million years. These three systems, therefore, seem the most likely candidates for additional companions. Furthermore HD74156 and HD168443 must be complete and therefore radial velocity surveys should only focus on detecting more distant companions. We also find that several systems show stable regions that only exist at nonzero eccentricities. Subject headings: 1

Year: 2008
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