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Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 20/04/00 CHALLENGING COSMIC RAY PROPAGATION WITH ANTIPROTONS. EVIDENCE FOR A “FRESH ” NUCLEI COMPONENT?

By Igor V. Moskalenko, Andrew W. Strong, Stepan G. Mashnik and Jonathan F. Ormes

Abstract

Recent measurements of the cosmic ray (CR) antiproton flux have been shown to challenge existing CR propagation models. It was shown that the reacceleration models designed to match secondary to primary nuclei ratios (e.g., boron/carbon) produce too few antiprotons. Matching both the secondary to primary nuclei ratio and the antiproton flux requires artificial breaks in the diffusion coefficient and the primary injection spectrum suggesting the need for other approaches. In the present paper we discuss one possibility to overcome these difficulties. Using the measured antiproton flux and B/C ratio to fix the diffusion coefficient, we show that the spectra of primary nuclei as measured in the heliosphere may contain a fresh local “unprocessed ” component at low energies perhaps associated with the Local Bubble, thus decreasing the measured secondary to primary nuclei ratio. The independent evidence for SN activity in the solar vicinity in the last few Myr supports this idea. The model reproduces antiprotons, B/C ratio, and elemental abundances up to Ni (Z ≤ 28). Calculated isotopic distributions of Be and B are in perfect agreement with CR data. The abundance

Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.317.290
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