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Implications for the formation of star clusters from extra-galactic star-formation rates

By C. Weidner, P. Kroupa and S. S. Larsen


Observations indicate that young massive star clusters in spiral and dwarf galaxies follow a relation between luminosity of the brightest young cluster and the star-formation rate (SFR) of the host galaxy, in the sense that higher SFRs lead to the formation of brighter clusters. Assuming that the empirical relation between maximum cluster luminosity and SFR reflects an underlying similar relation between maximum cluster mass (Mecl,max) and SFR, we compare the resulting SFR(Mecl,max) relation with different theoretical models. The empirical correlation is found to suggest that individual star clusters form on a free-fall time-scale with their pre-cluster molecular-cloud-core radii typically being a few pc independent of mass. The cloud cores contract by factors of 5 to 10 while building-up the embedded cluster. A theoretical SFR(Mecl,max) relation in very good agreement with the empirical correlation is obtained if the cluster mass function of a young population has a Salpeter exponent β ≈ 2.35 and if this cluster population forms within a characteristic time-scale of a few-10 Myr. This short time-scale can be understood if the inter-stellar medium is pressurised thus precipitatin

Year: 2004
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