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Modelling the infrared galaxy evolution using a phenomenological approach

By G. Lagache, H. Dole and J. -l. Puget


To characterise the cosmological evolution of the sources contributing to the infrared extragalactic background, we have developped a phenomenological model that constrains in a simple way the galaxy luminosity function evolution with the redshift, and fits all the existing source counts and redshift distributions, Cosmic Infrared Background intensity and fluctuations observations, from the mid-infrared to the submillimetre range. The model is based on template spectra of starburst and normal galaxies, and on the local infrared luminosity function. Although the Cosmic Infrared Background can be modeled with very different luminosity functions as long as the radiation production with redshift is the right one, the number counts, and the anisotropies of the unresolved background, imply that the luminosity function must change dramatically with redshift, with a rapid evolution of the high-luminosity sources (L>3 10 11 L⊙) from z=0 to z=1 which then stay rather constant up to redshift 5. The derived evolution of the IR luminosity function may be linked to a bimodal star formation process, one associated with the quiescent and passive phase of the galaxy evolutio

Year: 2002
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