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(DOI: will be inserted by hand later) Wavelength and Redshift Dependence of Bulge/Total Light Ratios in Galaxies

By Jochen Schulz, Uta Fritze V. Alvensleben and Klaus J. Fricke


Abstract. HST has opened the possibility to decompose the surface brightness profiles of galaxies up to significant redshifts and look-back times into r 1/4 − bulge and exponential disk components. This should allow to study the redshift evolution of bulge and disk luminosity contributions and discriminate between the different formation scenarios for these galaxy components currently discussed, i.e. decide if star formation in bulges and disks started at the same time or was delayed in either of the two components. An indispensable prerequisite for the comparison of bulge-to-disk ratios of galaxies at different redshifts is to properly account for cosmological band shift and evolutionary effects. We present evolutionary synthesis models for both components and add their spectra in various proportions to obtain the full range of local galaxies ’ B-band bulge-to-total light ratios. Bulge star formation is assumed to occur on a short timescale of 10 9 yr, disk star formation proceeds at a constant rate. We study the evolution of the relative light contributions of both components backward in time and, for a given cosmological model, as a function of redshift. This allows us to see how far back into the past the locally well-established correlation between galaxy morphologies and spectral properties can hold. To cope with the present uncertainty about the formation epochs of bulge and disk components we present models for three scenarios: bulges and disks of equal age, old bulges and delayed disk star formation, and old disks with subsequent bulge star formation

Year: 2002
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