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Suzaku Observation of the Ophiuchus Galaxy Cluster: One of the Hottest Cool Core Clusters

By Yutaka Fujita, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Masaaki Nagai, Susumu Inoue, Hironori Matsumoto, Nobuhiro Okabe, Thomas H. Reiprich, Craig L. Sarazin and Motokazu Takizawa


We present the analysis of a Suzaku observation of the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster. We confirmed that the cluster has a cool core. While the temperature of the intracluster medium (ICM) decreases toward the center, the metal abundance increases. Except for the core (r < ∼ 50 kpc), the cluster is hot ( ∼ 9–10 keV) and is almost isothermal for r < ∼ 1 Mpc; the latter contradicts a previous study. We do not detect the variation of the redshift of the ICM in the cluster; the upper limit of the velocity difference is 3000kms −1. The iron line ratios in X-ray spectra indicate that the ICM has reached the ionization equilibrium state. From these results, we conclude that the Ophiuchus cluster is not a major merger cluster but one of the hottest clusters with a cool core. We obtain the upper limit of non-thermal emission from the cluster, which is consistent with both the recent claimed detection with INTEGRAL and the recent upper limits with the Swift/BAT. If the cluster has bright non-thermal emission as suggested by the INTEGRAL measurement, it is probably not due to a recent major cluster merger

Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:
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