We present the analysis of a Suzaku observation of the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster. We confirmed that the cluster has a cool core. While the temperature of the intracluster medium (ICM) decreases toward the center, the metal abundance increases. Except for the core (r < ∼ 50 kpc), the cluster is hot ( ∼ 9–10 keV) and is almost isothermal for r < ∼ 1 Mpc; the latter contradicts a previous study. We do not detect the variation of the redshift of the ICM in the cluster; the upper limit of the velocity difference is 3000kms −1. The iron line ratios in X-ray spectra indicate that the ICM has reached the ionization equilibrium state. From these results, we conclude that the Ophiuchus cluster is not a major merger cluster but one of the hottest clusters with a cool core. We obtain the upper limit of non-thermal emission from the cluster, which is consistent with both the recent claimed detection with INTEGRAL and the recent upper limits with the Swift/BAT. If the cluster has bright non-thermal emission as suggested by the INTEGRAL measurement, it is probably not due to a recent major cluster merger
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