Scheduling agents can use the Multiagent Simple Temporal Problem (MaSTP) formulation to efficiently find and represent the complete set of alternative consistent joint schedules in a distributed and privacy-maintaining manner. However, continually revising this set of consistent joint schedules as new constraints arise may not be a viable option in environments where communication is uncertain, costly, or otherwise problematic. As an alternative, agents can find and represent a temporal decoupling in terms of locally independent sets of consistent schedules that, when combined, form a set of consistent joint schedules. Unlike current algorithms for calculating a temporal decoupling that require centralization of the problem representation, in this paper we present a new, provably correct, distributed algorithm for calculating a temporal decoupling. We prove that this algorithm has the same theoretical computational complexity as current state-of-the-art MaSTP solution algorithms, and empirically demonstrate that it is more efficient in practice. We also introduce and perform an empirical cost/benefit analysis of new techniques and heuristics for selecting a maximally flexible temporal decoupling
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