During the thirty one years following independence from Belgium in 1962 Burundi has suffered from almost continuous political unrest, politically motivated assassinations and episodes of ethnic violence. The assassination of the democratically elected Hutu President in 1993 triggered the current crisis which has yet to be resolved. The event triggered reciprocal killing of hundreds and thousands of Hutus and Tutsis throughout the country and led to the segregation of Bujumbura into Tutsi and Hutu dominated living quarters, and the proliferation of mutual fear and distrust among Burundians. The fragile economy has become even weaker. Agriculture, which accounts for more than 50 % of the GDP, 93 % of employment and 90 % of the country’s exports has decreased significantly. In the absence of peace and confidence in the government, Burundi cannot attract or sustain the levels of foreign and domestic investment that would lead to political and economic stability. In this context the Community Based Bujumbura Peace Programme was set up in the belief that peace and reconciliation are crucial prerequisites for household livelihood security in Burundi and that the promotion of peace and reconciliation requires the presence of a viable civil society. The overall objective for the CARE funded continuation of the project which started in June 2002, which is the subject of this evaluation is tha
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