disease was identified in France. The results of the epidemiological, environmental and microbiological investigations allowed the rapid identification of a public whirlpool spa as the most probable source of contamination and the implementation of appropriate control measures. This investigation has stressed the need for good cooperation between partners and the importance of the molecular analysis of Legionella strains. Background Legionnaires ’ disease is an atypical pneumonia caused by the inhalation of aerosols contaminated by Legionella . Legionella are ubiquitous bacteria and can grow in natural and man-made environments. Aerosol-generating devices such as wet cooling tower
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